Mukkumlung (in Khas Nepali language –"Pathibhara")- the sacred lands of Yakhung ("Limbu") Indigenous Peoples.


Mukkumlung is the sacred site (holy place) of Yakhtung ("Limbu") Indigenous Peoples that lies in the hill of Taplejung district, eastern Nepal - a part of the ancestral lands of Yakthung ("Limbu") Indigenous Peoples.

Mundhum – an ancient folk literature and the world view of Yakthung ("Limbu") Indigenous Peoples that governs the entire Yakthung ("Limbu") Indigenous Peoples– describes the significance of Mukkumlung on the Yakthung' world view and philosophy. Therefore, the Yakthung Peoples worship the Mukkumlung with great spiritual and cultural significance.

Latter, the Hindunisation and assimilation process converted the name Mukkumlung in to Pathivara (in khas Neali language) and established Pathivara Dvi (the goddess of Hindu) Temple. The temple is located 19.4 North East from Phunging Municiplaity at an elevation of 3,794 m (12,448 ft).

Now, the Pathivara temple has been recognized as one of the most significant temples of Nepal. The worshipers (Hindu, Buddhist) from across Nepal including India come to visit the temple during special occasions. The Mukkumlung receives a regular flow of thousands of visitors and devotees. It is believed that the Pathivara Devi ensures the fulfillment of wishes of the pilgrims.

The government of Nepal brought an order to formulate the Pathibhara Area Development Board in 1997 AD (2053 BS) in the name of social, economic, religious and cultural development of the Pathibhara Area. Currently, Pathibhara Mata Devi Darshan Cable Car Pvt Ltd- a company established by Yeti Business Grup- has announced to start the construction of cable care to make easy access to the temple. The area development board, local and federal government, private company and other concerned stakeholders are doing different activities in the name of area development without going through the FPIC, consultation and participation of Yakthung ("Limbu") Indignenous Peoples.

The Yankhutng ("Limbu") Indigenous Peoples are demanding their rights to be implemented and revitalized the name as Mukkumlung.

LAHURNIP is providing legal assistance the affected Indigenous peoples.

Cover photo source : Facebook

Media Coverage 

24 January 2023 : मुक्कुमलुङमा केबुलकार निर्माण गर्न नदिने कठोर निर्णय

31 2August 2022 : Securing Indigenous Land Rights in Nepal

20 July ,2022 : Warning against construction of cable car in Pathibhara area

28 April 2021 : मुक्कुमलुङलाई याक्थुङहरुको पवित्र स्थल घोषणा गरियो, अब कार्यान्वयनमा जुटौं :

6 Feb 2021 :मुक्कुमलुङको अतिक्रमण नरोके प्रतिरोध गरिने :

24 July 2020 : पाथीभराको नाम मुक्कुमलुङमा राख्न माग, यति होल्डिङ्सलाई लिजमा दिएपछि स्थानीयद्वारा चर्को विरोध :

23 July 2020 : प्रहरीद्वारा ताप्लेजुङमा याक्थुङ (लिम्बू) समुदायका युवाहरू घेराउ :

23 July 2020 : मुक्कुमलुङ्मा र युःमा माङबारे मिथकहरू :

20 July 2020 : प्राचिन मुक्कुमलुङ नामलाई नामेट गर्न खोजेको भन्दै संघर्ष समिति गठन :

1 July 2020 : पाथिभरा हैन, मुकुमलुङ राख्नुपर्छः लिवि मञ्च :

1 July 2020 : पाथीभराको नाम सच्याउन र पोक्लाबाङको समाधिस्थल भत्काउनेलाई कारवाही गर्न मानवअधिकार आयोगमा उजुरी :

30 January 2020 : Yeti Group gets government land at free of cost in Taplejung :

12 August 2020 : पाथीभराको ३१७ रोपनी सित्तैमा ८० वर्षसम्म यतीलाई, प्रधानमन्त्रीका पूर्व पिएको लगानी :

1 April 2019 : Construction of Cable Car in Pathibhara to begin from New Year :