20 August 2018: A multi-stakeholder dialogue on business and human rights conducted in Kathmandu. The dialogue was intended to discuss on the pertinent issues concerning to sever human rights violation by the business related activities across the country. Representatives of government authority, private sector, national human rights institution, funding agencies, diplomatic missions and victims of development projects attended the dialogue.
Ramesh Dhakal, undersecretary of ministry of law, and Shankar Limbu, secretary of the Lawyers' Association for Human Rights of Nepalese Indigenous Peoples (LAHURNIP) respectively presented papers on the situation national laws related to business and human rights and international legal provisions and issues faced by the indigenous and local communities in the course of implementation of development projects.
Representatives of development project affected communities from Ilam, Lamjung, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, Rasuwa and Ramechhap expressed their grievances on the development project as they do have severe impacts to them as no mechanisms for grievance handling and their involvement in planning, implementation and monitoring process. Private sectors opined that the State should create congenial environment for the private sector and local communities have to embrace their initiatives for national development. They further added to existing laws and policies do not favor for the economic growth and prosperity. "Private sector is aware of human rights are doing their best to respect and promote human rights of workers and communities" they added. State should take initiatives to control brain drain and need to encourage private sector for the innovations and technological developments.
But, government representative claimed "the existing laws and policies are far more progress and suitable for the soil". Further they opined "government is always ready to promote and protect human rights in its capacity and it is not plausible to insist to implement the foreign laws which are not compatible to the national context"
Chair of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) Hon. Anup Raj Sharma expressed his deep concern to the use of force in the development project and human rights violations by such project. He suggested the government and private sectors for protect and respect human rights of the affected communities in prompt and justifiable manners. Similarly the commissioner of the NHRC Hon. Govinda Sharma Poudel expressed "it is the State's responsibility to promote human rights and the private sector should act for due respect of human rights caused by their activities."
The dialogue was jointly organised by the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and LAHURNIP.